The Bluetooth API provides connectivity between Bluetooth enabled devices.
Currently, the API is supported on the following platforms:
|API Feature||Android||iOS||Linux (BlueZ 5.x)||macOS||Windows|
|Bluetooth LE Central||x||x||x||x||x|
|Bluetooth LE Peripheral||x||x||x||x|
Bluetooth is a short-range (less than 100 meters) wireless technology. It has a data transfer rate of 2.1 Mbps, which makes it ideal for transferring data between devices. Bluetooth connectivity is based on basic device management, such as scanning for devices, gathering information about them, and exchanging data between them.
Qt Bluetooth supports Bluetooth Low Energy development for client/central role use cases. Further details can be found in the Bluetooth Low Energy Overview section.
find_package() command to locate the needed module component in the
find_package(Qt6 REQUIRED COMPONENTS Bluetooth) target_link_libraries(mytarget PRIVATE Qt6::Bluetooth)
For more details, see the Build with CMake overview.
To configure the module for building with qmake, add the module as a value of the
QT variable in the project's .pro file:
QT += bluetooth
Even though the module can be built for all Qt platforms, the module is not ported to all of them. Non-supported platforms employ a dummy backend that is automatically selected when the platform is not supported. The dummy backend reports appropriate error messages and values, which enables you to detect at runtime that the current platform is not supported. The dummy backend is also selected on Linux if BlueZ development headers are not found during build time or Qt was built without Qt D-Bus support.
The usage of the dummy backend is highlighted via an appropriate warning while building and running.
The Bluetooth API on macOS requires a certain type of event dispatcher that in Qt causes a dependency to QGuiApplication. However, you can set the environment variable
QT_EVENT_DISPATCHER_CORE_FOUNDATION=1 to circumvent this issue.
|qt.bluetooth||Enables logging of cross platform code path in QtBluetooth|
|qt.bluetooth.android||Enables logging of the Android implementation|
|qt.bluetooth.bluez||Enables logging of the BLuez/Linux implementation|
|qt.bluetooth.ios||Enables logging of the iOS implementation|
|qt.bluetooth.osx||Enables logging of the macOS implementation|
|qt.bluetooth.windows||Enables logging of the Windows implementation|
Logging categories enable additional warning and debug output for QtBluetooth. More detailed information about logging is found in QLoggingCategory. A quick way to enable all QtBluetooth logging is to add the following line to the
QLoggingCategory::setFilterRules(QStringLiteral("qt.bluetooth* = true"));
Changes to Qt Bluetooth lists important changes in the module API and functionality that were done for the Qt 6 series of Qt.
Qt Bluetooth is available under commercial licenses from The Qt Company. In addition, it is available under the GNU Lesser General Public License, version 3, or the GNU General Public License, version 2. See Qt Licensing for further details.
On Linux, Qt Bluetooth uses a separate executable,
sdpscanner, to integrate with the official Linux bluetooth protocol stack BlueZ. BlueZ is available under the GNU General Public License, version 2.
GNU General Public License v2.0 only (This does not force user code to be GPL'ed. For more info see details.)