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Multiple Inheritance Example

Using a form created with Qt Designer in an application.

The Multiple Inheritance Example shows how to use a form created with Qt Designer in an application by subclassing both QWidget and the user interface class, which is Ui::CalculatorForm.

To subclass the calculatorform.ui file and ensure that qmake processes it with the uic, we have to include calculatorform.ui in the .pro file, as shown below:

QT += widgets

HEADERS = calculatorform.h
SOURCES = calculatorform.cpp main.cpp
FORMS = calculatorform.ui

When the project is compiled, the uic will generate a corresponding ui_calculatorform.h.

CalculatorForm Definition

In the CalculatorForm definition, we include the ui_calculatorform.h that was generated earlier.

#include "ui_calculatorform.h"

As mentioned earlier, the class is a subclass of both QWidget and Ui::CalculatorForm.

class CalculatorForm : public QWidget, private Ui::CalculatorForm

    explicit CalculatorForm(QWidget *parent = nullptr);

private slots:
    void on_inputSpinBox1_valueChanged(int value);
    void on_inputSpinBox2_valueChanged(int value);

Two slots are defined according to the automatic connection naming convention required by uic. This is to ensure that QMetaObject's auto-connection facilities connect all the signals and slots involved automatically.

CalculatorForm Implementation

In the constructor, we call setupUi() to load the user interface file. Note that setupUi is a method of Ui::CalculatorForm.

CalculatorForm::CalculatorForm(QWidget *parent)
    : QWidget(parent)

We include two slots, on_inputSpinBox1_valueChanged() and on_inputSpinBox2_valueChanged(). These slots respond to the valueChanged() signal that both spin boxes emit. Whenever there is a change in one spin box's value, we take that value and add it to whatever value the other spin box has.

void CalculatorForm::on_inputSpinBox1_valueChanged(int value)
    outputWidget->setText(QString::number(value + inputSpinBox2->value()));

void CalculatorForm::on_inputSpinBox2_valueChanged(int value)
    outputWidget->setText(QString::number(value + inputSpinBox1->value()));

main() Function

The main() function instantiates QApplication and CalculatorForm. The calculator object is displayed by invoking the show() function.

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    QApplication app(argc, argv);
    CalculatorForm calculator;
    return app.exec();

There are various approaches to include forms into applications. The Multiple Inheritance approach is just one of them. See Using a Designer UI File in Your Application for more information on the other approaches available.

Example project @ code.qt.io

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