QDialogButtonBox Class

The QDialogButtonBox class is a widget that presents buttons in a layout that is appropriate to the current widget style. More...

Header: #include <QDialogButtonBox>
qmake: QT += widgets
Since: Qt 4.2
Inherits: QWidget

Public Types

enum ButtonLayout { WinLayout, MacLayout, KdeLayout, GnomeLayout, AndroidLayout }
enum ButtonRole { InvalidRole, AcceptRole, RejectRole, DestructiveRole, ..., NRoles }
enum StandardButton { Ok, Open, Save, Cancel, ..., NoButton }
flags StandardButtons

Properties

  • 59 properties inherited from QWidget
  • 1 property inherited from QObject

Public Functions

QDialogButtonBox(QWidget *parent = nullptr)
QDialogButtonBox(Qt::Orientation orientation, QWidget *parent = nullptr)
QDialogButtonBox(QDialogButtonBox::StandardButtons buttons, QWidget *parent = nullptr)
QDialogButtonBox(QDialogButtonBox::StandardButtons buttons, Qt::Orientation orientation, QWidget *parent = nullptr)
virtual ~QDialogButtonBox()
void addButton(QAbstractButton *button, QDialogButtonBox::ButtonRole role)
QPushButton * addButton(const QString &text, QDialogButtonBox::ButtonRole role)
QPushButton * addButton(QDialogButtonBox::StandardButton button)
QPushButton * button(QDialogButtonBox::StandardButton which) const
QDialogButtonBox::ButtonRole buttonRole(QAbstractButton *button) const
QList<QAbstractButton *> buttons() const
bool centerButtons() const
void clear()
Qt::Orientation orientation() const
void removeButton(QAbstractButton *button)
void setCenterButtons(bool center)
void setOrientation(Qt::Orientation orientation)
void setStandardButtons(QDialogButtonBox::StandardButtons buttons)
QDialogButtonBox::StandardButton standardButton(QAbstractButton *button) const
QDialogButtonBox::StandardButtons standardButtons() const
  • 214 public functions inherited from QWidget
  • 33 public functions inherited from QObject
  • 14 public functions inherited from QPaintDevice

Signals

void accepted()
void clicked(QAbstractButton *button)
void helpRequested()
void rejected()

Reimplemented Protected Functions

virtual void changeEvent(QEvent *event) override
virtual bool event(QEvent *event) override
  • 35 protected functions inherited from QWidget
  • 9 protected functions inherited from QObject
  • 1 protected function inherited from QPaintDevice

Additional Inherited Members

  • 19 public slots inherited from QWidget
  • 1 public slot inherited from QObject
  • 1 public variable inherited from QObject
  • 5 static public members inherited from QWidget
  • 10 static public members inherited from QObject
  • 35 protected functions inherited from QWidget
  • 9 protected functions inherited from QObject
  • 1 protected function inherited from QPaintDevice
  • 1 protected slot inherited from QWidget
  • 2 protected variables inherited from QObject
  • 1 protected type inherited from QPaintDevice

Detailed Description

The QDialogButtonBox class is a widget that presents buttons in a layout that is appropriate to the current widget style.

Dialogs and message boxes typically present buttons in a layout that conforms to the interface guidelines for that platform. Invariably, different platforms have different layouts for their dialogs. QDialogButtonBox allows a developer to add buttons to it and will automatically use the appropriate layout for the user's desktop environment.

Most buttons for a dialog follow certain roles. Such roles include:

  • Accepting or rejecting the dialog.
  • Asking for help.
  • Performing actions on the dialog itself (such as resetting fields or applying changes).

There can also be alternate ways of dismissing the dialog which may cause destructive results.

Most dialogs have buttons that can almost be considered standard (e.g. OK and Cancel buttons). It is sometimes convenient to create these buttons in a standard way.

There are a couple ways of using QDialogButtonBox. One ways is to create the buttons (or button texts) yourself and add them to the button box, specifying their role.

    findButton = new QPushButton(tr("&Find"));
    findButton->setDefault(true);

    moreButton = new QPushButton(tr("&More"));
    moreButton->setCheckable(true);
    moreButton->setAutoDefault(false);

Alternatively, QDialogButtonBox provides several standard buttons (e.g. OK, Cancel, Save) that you can use. They exist as flags so you can OR them together in the constructor.

    buttonBox = new QDialogButtonBox(QDialogButtonBox::Ok
                                     | QDialogButtonBox::Cancel);

    connect(buttonBox, &QDialogButtonBox::accepted, this, &QDialog::accept);
    connect(buttonBox, &QDialogButtonBox::rejected, this, &QDialog::reject);

You can mix and match normal buttons and standard buttons.

Currently the buttons are laid out in the following way if the button box is horizontal:

GnomeLayout Horizontal Button box laid out in horizontal GnomeLayout
KdeLayout Horizontal Button box laid out in horizontal KdeLayout
MacLayout Horizontal Button box laid out in horizontal MacLayout
WinLayout Horizontal Button box laid out in horizontal WinLayout

The buttons are laid out the following way if the button box is vertical:

Additionally, button boxes that contain only buttons with ActionRole or HelpRole can be considered modeless and have an alternate look on macOS:

modeless horizontal MacLayout Screenshot of modeless horizontal MacLayout
modeless vertical MacLayout Screenshot of modeless vertical MacLayout

When a button is clicked in the button box, the clicked() signal is emitted for the actual button is that is pressed. For convenience, if the button has an AcceptRole, RejectRole, or HelpRole, the accepted(), rejected(), or helpRequested() signals are emitted respectively.

If you want a specific button to be default you need to call QPushButton::setDefault() on it yourself. However, if there is no default button set and to preserve which button is the default button across platforms when using the QPushButton::autoDefault property, the first push button with the accept role is made the default button when the QDialogButtonBox is shown,

See also QMessageBox, QPushButton, and QDialog.

Member Type Documentation

enum QDialogButtonBox::ButtonLayout

This enum describes the layout policy to be used when arranging the buttons contained in the button box.

Constant Value Description
QDialogButtonBox::WinLayout 0 Use a policy appropriate for applications on Windows.
QDialogButtonBox::MacLayout 1 Use a policy appropriate for applications on macOS.
QDialogButtonBox::KdeLayout 2 Use a policy appropriate for applications on KDE.
QDialogButtonBox::GnomeLayout 3 Use a policy appropriate for applications on GNOME.
QDialogButtonBox::AndroidLayout GnomeLayout + 2 Use a policy appropriate for applications on Android. This enum value was added in Qt 5.10.

The button layout is specified by the current style. However, on the X11 platform, it may be influenced by the desktop environment.

enum QDialogButtonBox::StandardButton
flags QDialogButtonBox::StandardButtons

These enums describe flags for standard buttons. Each button has a defined ButtonRole.

Constant Value Description
QDialogButtonBox::Ok 0x00000400 An "OK" button defined with the AcceptRole.
QDialogButtonBox::Open 0x00002000 An "Open" button defined with the AcceptRole.
QDialogButtonBox::Save 0x00000800 A "Save" button defined with the AcceptRole.
QDialogButtonBox::Cancel 0x00400000 A "Cancel" button defined with the RejectRole.
QDialogButtonBox::Close 0x00200000 A "Close" button defined with the RejectRole.
QDialogButtonBox::Discard 0x00800000 A "Discard" or "Don't Save" button, depending on the platform, defined with the DestructiveRole.
QDialogButtonBox::Apply 0x02000000 An "Apply" button defined with the ApplyRole.
QDialogButtonBox::Reset 0x04000000 A "Reset" button defined with the ResetRole.
QDialogButtonBox::RestoreDefaults 0x08000000 A "Restore Defaults" button defined with the ResetRole.
QDialogButtonBox::Help 0x01000000 A "Help" button defined with the HelpRole.
QDialogButtonBox::SaveAll 0x00001000 A "Save All" button defined with the AcceptRole.
QDialogButtonBox::Yes 0x00004000 A "Yes" button defined with the YesRole.
QDialogButtonBox::YesToAll 0x00008000 A "Yes to All" button defined with the YesRole.
QDialogButtonBox::No 0x00010000 A "No" button defined with the NoRole.
QDialogButtonBox::NoToAll 0x00020000 A "No to All" button defined with the NoRole.
QDialogButtonBox::Abort 0x00040000 An "Abort" button defined with the RejectRole.
QDialogButtonBox::Retry 0x00080000 A "Retry" button defined with the AcceptRole.
QDialogButtonBox::Ignore 0x00100000 An "Ignore" button defined with the AcceptRole.
QDialogButtonBox::NoButton 0x00000000 An invalid button.

The StandardButtons type is a typedef for QFlags<StandardButton>. It stores an OR combination of StandardButton values.

See also ButtonRole and standardButtons.

Property Documentation

centerButtons : bool

This property holds whether the buttons in the button box are centered

By default, this property is false. This behavior is appopriate for most types of dialogs. A notable exception is message boxes on most platforms (e.g. Windows), where the button box is centered horizontally.

Access functions:

bool centerButtons() const
void setCenterButtons(bool center)

See also QMessageBox.

orientation : Qt::Orientation

This property holds the orientation of the button box

By default, the orientation is horizontal (i.e. the buttons are laid out side by side). The possible orientations are Qt::Horizontal and Qt::Vertical.

Access functions:

Qt::Orientation orientation() const
void setOrientation(Qt::Orientation orientation)

standardButtons : StandardButtons

collection of standard buttons in the button box

This property controls which standard buttons are used by the button box.

Access functions:

QDialogButtonBox::StandardButtons standardButtons() const
void setStandardButtons(QDialogButtonBox::StandardButtons buttons)

See also addButton().

Member Function Documentation

This enum describes the roles that can be used to describe buttons in the button box. Combinations of these roles are as flags used to describe different aspects of their behavior.

Constant Description
InvalidRole The button is invalid.
AcceptRole Clicking the button causes the dialog to be accepted (e.g. OK).
RejectRole Clicking the button causes the dialog to be rejected (e.g. Cancel).
DestructiveRole Clicking the button causes a destructive change (e.g. for Discarding Changes) and closes the dialog.
ActionRole Clicking the button causes changes to the elements within the dialog.
HelpRole The button can be clicked to request help.
YesRole The button is a "Yes"-like button.
NoRole The button is a "No"-like button.
ApplyRole The button applies current changes.
ResetRole The button resets the dialog's fields to default values.

See also StandardButton.

QDialogButtonBox::QDialogButtonBox(QWidget *parent = nullptr)

Constructs an empty, horizontal button box with the given parent.

See also orientation and addButton().

QDialogButtonBox::QDialogButtonBox(Qt::Orientation orientation, QWidget *parent = nullptr)

Constructs an empty button box with the given orientation and parent.

See also orientation and addButton().

QDialogButtonBox::QDialogButtonBox(QDialogButtonBox::StandardButtons buttons, QWidget *parent = nullptr)

Constructs a horizontal button box with the given parent, containing the standard buttons specified by buttons.

This function was introduced in Qt 5.2.

See also orientation and addButton().

QDialogButtonBox::QDialogButtonBox(QDialogButtonBox::StandardButtons buttons, Qt::Orientation orientation, QWidget *parent = nullptr)

Constructs a button box with the given orientation and parent, containing the standard buttons specified by buttons.

See also orientation and addButton().

[virtual] QDialogButtonBox::~QDialogButtonBox()

Destroys the button box.

[signal] void QDialogButtonBox::accepted()

This signal is emitted when a button inside the button box is clicked, as long as it was defined with the AcceptRole or YesRole.

See also rejected(), clicked(), and helpRequested().

void QDialogButtonBox::addButton(QAbstractButton *button, QDialogButtonBox::ButtonRole role)

Adds the given button to the button box with the specified role. If the role is invalid, the button is not added.

If the button has already been added, it is removed and added again with the new role.

Note: The button box takes ownership of the button.

See also removeButton() and clear().

QPushButton *QDialogButtonBox::addButton(const QString &text, QDialogButtonBox::ButtonRole role)

Creates a push button with the given text, adds it to the button box for the specified role, and returns the corresponding push button. If role is invalid, no button is created, and zero is returned.

See also removeButton() and clear().

QPushButton *QDialogButtonBox::addButton(QDialogButtonBox::StandardButton button)

Adds a standard button to the button box if it is valid to do so, and returns a push button. If button is invalid, it is not added to the button box, and zero is returned.

See also removeButton() and clear().

QPushButton *QDialogButtonBox::button(QDialogButtonBox::StandardButton which) const

Returns the QPushButton corresponding to the standard button which, or 0 if the standard button doesn't exist in this button box.

See also standardButton(), standardButtons(), and buttons().

QDialogButtonBox::ButtonRole QDialogButtonBox::buttonRole(QAbstractButton *button) const

Returns the button role for the specified button. This function returns InvalidRole if button is 0 or has not been added to the button box.

See also buttons() and addButton().

QList<QAbstractButton *> QDialogButtonBox::buttons() const

Returns a list of all the buttons that have been added to the button box.

See also buttonRole(), addButton(), and removeButton().

[override virtual protected] void QDialogButtonBox::changeEvent(QEvent *event)

Reimplemented from QWidget::changeEvent().

void QDialogButtonBox::clear()

Clears the button box, deleting all buttons within it.

See also removeButton() and addButton().

[signal] void QDialogButtonBox::clicked(QAbstractButton *button)

This signal is emitted when a button inside the button box is clicked. The specific button that was pressed is specified by button.

See also accepted(), rejected(), and helpRequested().

[override virtual protected] bool QDialogButtonBox::event(QEvent *event)

Reimplemented from QWidget::event().

[signal] void QDialogButtonBox::helpRequested()

This signal is emitted when a button inside the button box is clicked, as long as it was defined with the HelpRole.

See also accepted(), rejected(), and clicked().

[signal] void QDialogButtonBox::rejected()

This signal is emitted when a button inside the button box is clicked, as long as it was defined with the RejectRole or NoRole.

See also accepted(), helpRequested(), and clicked().

void QDialogButtonBox::removeButton(QAbstractButton *button)

Removes button from the button box without deleting it and sets its parent to zero.

See also clear(), buttons(), and addButton().

QDialogButtonBox::StandardButton QDialogButtonBox::standardButton(QAbstractButton *button) const

Returns the standard button enum value corresponding to the given button, or NoButton if the given button isn't a standard button.

See also button(), buttons(), and standardButtons().

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